To successfully waterproof a surface, you need to start by wiping off any dust or contaminants that might be present on the surface, then move on to priming the place which has to be waterproofed. After this, the next step is to apply bond breakers on the joints and then finally do the first coat of waterproofing membrane. Once the first coat dries, do the second coat at right angles to the first one and let that dry too. Your waterproofing is done.
Primer can be identified as a liquid which is generally made of latex, epoxy or polyurethane. Its purpose is to give a good base for the application of waterproofing membrane or tiling adhesive.
Skipping primer is not at all advisable as it helps to prepare the surface by sealing the contaminants and dust and does not let them come in contact with a waterproofing membrane. Primer also stops the excessive moisture from reaching the membrane and blistering the coating. Another reason for priming is to reduce the pin holding.
Primers tend to evaporate at a faster rate in high temperature, which means they do not get enough time to seal the contaminants properly and also don’t let them control the porosity. So it is not preferred to expose primers to high temperatures.
The waterproofing bond breakers are installed to make sure that the building movements do not adversely affect the waterproofing membrane. These bond breakers take advantage of the elastic property of the membrane and ensure that the building movement does not cause any harm to the waterproofing.
Waterproofing bond breakers are essential for the building. They need to be placed in the areas like internal corners, joints etc. which are prone to damage due to the building movement. These are also mandatory, according to the Australian Standards.
Waterproofing failure can occur due to the wrong application of the primer or even the bond breaker. Another reason can be the incorrect placing of other waterproofing components. Even using the wrong type or quantity of adhesives can cause waterproofing failure.
The waterproofing membrane is non-absorbent, so it does not need or require priming. However, it does need to be applied before the membrane to ensure that the waterproofing membrane can perform its function correctly.
To ensure that the liquid rubber lays on smoothly, the surface should be clean of any oils, flakes, paints, varnishes, glossy paints etc. All these things hinder the bonding process of the liquid rubber. After all, these are cleaned then you can apply the liquid rubber using a brush, spray gun or roller.
To make bituminous waterproofing membranes, bitumen is modified using polymer-based plastics. These waterproofing membranes can either be reinforced or not.
Bitumen tends to melt at very high temperatures, and the climatic temperatures cannot go to the limit, which can melt the membrane. Hence they are entirely safe to be used in high temperatures. Although they do get a little soft in scorching weather, that does not create any effect on the structural integrity of the building.
The hazy white substance is called efflorescence, and it builds upon the concrete due to the calcium hydroxide salt that is in all types of the cement. This salt comes up to the surface through the concrete walls. Then it reacts with the carbon-di-oxide in the air and forms calcium carbonate. This calcium carbonate is what looks like the hazy white substance and is called efflorescence.
The issues like using the material without ventilation, the failure of joint material or the absence of proper ground storage etc. These are a few issues that can lead to efflorescence. Other situations like the absorption of moisture by the masonry units also increase the chances of efflorescence in the construction project.
Pool tiles are available in various forms such as porcelain, mosaic, ceramic, glass, brick and stone. Color, size and price preferences are typically the factors on which a pool owner chooses tiles. Another essential thing to consider is texture. Smooth tiles are visually appealing; however textured tiles provide much better grip.
You can use ceramic tiles in a single row at the waterline of the swimming pool they will function as a boundary, or else you can use them to cover your whole pool floor and wall. However, you need to consider that each pool has its unique specifications which need to be considered while choosing the place for the tiles.
The two most preferred choices are of ceramic and porcelain tiles; they both have certain qualities which make them preferable. These tiles are easy to install and clean; they have a smooth texture which is preferable as it avoids the chances of bruising in kids. The ceramic tiles can even be hand-painted with designs of your choice, and the porcelain tiles remain fresh as they do not absorb much heat. Hence they both are great options for the pool and the deck pavement.
Vitrified tiles are made of a mixture of feldspar, quartz or silica with clay. This makes the tile highly water-resistant and also gives the tile a glossy finish and a scratch-resistant property. These properties give vitrified tiles their specialty.
To convert tiles, a process of grinding is used. In this process, cuts are made on tiles to make them all of the same size and lower the irregularities in between the joints of the tiles. The purpose of rectifying the tiles is to give one stone, or single tile look to the floor or the wall.
Ceramic and porcelain have been the most prevalent tile types used. Next are granite, travertine, bluestone, limestone tiles, etc. Other types of tiles on the market are glass tiles, cement tiles, mosaic tiles, metal tiles and even tiles made of resin.
Tile adhesive is an adhesive which is used to make the tiles stick. It sticks the tile to the underneath surface. It comes in two varieties-cement-based mixture and premixed paste. Different conditions decide the type of adhesive to be used. Precisely the type of tile, i.e. stone, ceramic or porcelain. Another deciding factor is the area underneath, and the surface below the tile. Also, conditions such as temperature and humidity affect the choice.
Water helps to bind cement to the sand, and the bond extends into the surfaces below and the tiles above. This connection extends into the tiles, and they are joined to the surface. The sand, cement, and water ratios are also critical to good bonding. If any of these three constituents are too much or too less, it can result in a weaker bond.
Additives are incorporated into grout or adhesive and used to improve the performance of the substances. They can improve the resistance to water, stains and chemical reactions depending on the type of additive you choose and for which reason you are using it. It can also increase the strength of bonds and flexural strength.
The term movement joints are given to the grout joints that during tiling are not grouted. They are left empty. The purpose behind doing so to give floor movement enough space so that it won’t damage the tiling work. These movement joints are generally of two types, field and perimeter movement joints.
During tiling few grout joints are not grouted, and these extend from wall to wall. This particular aspect is their specialty. These joints are called the field movement joints, and they are filled with caulking.
While tiling a space is not grouted in between the tile and the wall, this space is called the perimeter movement joint, and they are done along the wall.
Grout joints are preferred over butt joints because they give proper space to the tiles for the movement, which in turn reduces the compressive stress build-up. Another reason is that the adhesive can cure appropriately. A minimum of 5mm gap should be given to ceramic tiles and a 3mm gap to the porcelain tiles.
Tiles are easy to care for, just regular brushing and moping keeps them clean. Rugs and doormats can be used too, they protect against wear and tear of the tiling, plus complete the look. Wipe the spills off as soon as possible and make sure to deep rinse the tiles and grout once in a while.
Yes, it’s costly to install a tile shower because you’re not only applying tiles to it but also treating the area with waterproofing that includes levelling first and then waterproofing. So take care to do it carefully and strictly in compliance with Australian requirements, because replacing it is very costly.
Indeed, you can retile provided you work on a reasonably stable surface. The existing tile surface should be immaculate, clear of mould and mildew. And without any warping or strangely formed tiles that would otherwise clash with a smooth new coating.
While grouting epoxy grout is the best option for showers, kitchens, bathrooms and other humid areas since it is stain-resistant and does not require sealing, as compared to the cement grout.
In your bathroom, the ceramic tile floors can withstand even more wear and tear than an antique urn or cup, and the durability of ceramic makes it ideal for safe continuous underfoot use. Ceramic tiles can also be used with shower frames etc.
Until beginning the work for renovation, it is not necessary to have an exact design plan in your head. You can sort things out as the work progresses. But it is also best to have a plan in mind in case of extra expensive or intensive work so that the work can be completed efficiently.
You can watch some great design shows on television before you start the job. They will give you a sense of understanding, and you can get an image of the design aesthetic you want for your bathroom. You may also want to determine where your personal belongings should be moved to when the job is going on. These are the few items you can do until the work begins.
Hervey Bay Tiling is a respected and reputed firm of the city’s tiling and waterproofing industry. Our business stands on three pillars- honesty, quality, and passion. We assure you that there will be no nasty surprises during the project and our working will be transparent. Also, we offer the best workmanship possible. Lastly, our passion for our work is second to none, and we work with all our heart on every project.